The focus of this dissertation is on the facility-level implementation of a management practice that is being adopted by many firms worldwide, the ISO 14001 environmental management system (EMS). ISO 14001 codifies a set of standard practices toMoreThe focus of this dissertation is on the facility-level implementation of a management practice that is being adopted by many firms worldwide, the ISO 14001 environmental management system (EMS).
ISO 14001 codifies a set of standard practices to manage the environmental aspects of firms operations and compliance with its requirements can be certified by independent third-party auditors. Recent evidence suggests that there are variations in ISO 14001 implementation and that firms may be able to take advantage of weaknesses in the auditing system by obtaining and maintaining certification without continuously adhering to its requirements.
This suggests the need to more systematically examine the antecedents and consequences of the quality of ISO 14001 implementation.-This dissertation is comprised of three studies. The first study examines institutional and resource-based determinants of a high degree of implementation of ISO 14001 at the facility level. The second study examines whether innovation that is based on implementation of ISO 14001 is possible in addition to routinization that is normally associated with rationalizing practices such as ISO 14001. The effects of corporate policies - incentives, monitoring, and importance of environment in corporate strategy - on both routinization and innovation are also examined by drawing on agency theory and the innovation literature.
The third study examines the effects of quality of implementation of ISO 14001 on the environmental performance of implementing facilities by drawing on the environmental management literature.-Using survey data augmented with secondary data, this dissertation contributes to institutional theory by finding evidence that resource-based factors offer further insights to variations in implementation in addition to institutional factors. Further, it finds that both routinization and more exploratory innovation can arise as a result of implementing ISO 14001. Corporate headquarter variables were found to be significant predictors of routinization and innovation and facility management support was found to mediate or partially mediate the relationships between corporate variables and the dependent variables.
Additionally, quality of implementation was found to positively affect environmental performance, indicating that studies in the environmental management literature need to pay attention to ISO 14001 implementation in addition to its adoption.